All agencies and geographic areas work together under the auspices and direction of the National Interagency Fire Center (NIFC).
The Geographic Area Coordination Centers (GACC) is a result of an interagency agreement established by the respective Geographic Area Coordinating Group. The primary mission of the GACC is to serve Federal and State wildland fire agencies through logistical coordination and mobilization of resources (people, aircraft, ground equipment) throughout the geographical area, and with other geographic areas, as necessary. This is generally done through coordinating the movement of resources between the many Dispatch Centers within the geographic area and, as necessary, with the National Interagency Coordination Center (NICC) when resources are unavailable within the Area or when mobilization support is needed in other geographic areas.
Although the primary mission of the GACC is logistical coordination, the Center also has support programs in Predictive Services, Intelligence, and in several Center's Fire Information. Predictive Services consists primarily of professional meteorologists who monitor weather and fuel conditions, conduct briefings, produce fire weather related products, liaison with the National Weather Service, and oversee all aspects of the Remote Automated Weather System (RAWS). The Intelligence Section is primarily responsible for collecting and disseminating wildland fire and prescribed fire activity information, monitoring the status of national firefighting resources, maintaining year-to-date and historical fire occurrence data, and managing the Sit Report and ICS-209 programs. In some GACCs, the Predictive Services and Intelligence sections work as one unit called the Predictive Services Group. The Predictive Services and Intelligence Sections, whether separated or combined, work collaboratively producing Weekly, Monthly, and Seasonal Fire Weather/Fire Danger Outlooks.
Each Coordination Center provides additional support to their respective geographic area's wildland fire community through training, workshops, special projects, and other tasks. Except for dispatch of air tankers and lead planes based outside the dispatch center responsibility the fire is located in, the GACC does not have initial-attack dispatch responsibilities.
Map of the Geographic Areas
As you survey each GACC website, it will become obvious they are technical in design and are primarily for use by local and geographic area wildland fire managers and firefighters. For the general public, the GACC website may not meet your needs. If this is the case, please check out the National Fire News website, provided by the National Interagency Fire Center, and the InciWeb website, provided as a guide to large fire incidents throughout the United States.